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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 214-217

Acute complications of liver hydatidosis: Still associated with significant morbidity

1 Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest, Romania
2 Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy; Department of General Surgery, Emergency Hospital, Bucharest, Romania

Correspondence Address:
Gianmarco Lotito
Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy Bucharest, General Surgery Department, Emergency Hospital of Bucharest, Romania. No 8 Floreasca Street, Sector 1, 014461, Bucharest
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2221-6189.219615

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Objective: To detail the pattern of postoperative morbidity in patients with acute complications of liver hydatidosis. Methods: We retrospectively studied all patients with liver hydatidosis, managed in a tertiary university centre between January 2011 and December 2016. Results: Fifty-three patients with cystic liver echinococcosis and a mean age of (43.64±17.54) years were selected. The mean diameter of the cyst was (8.11± 4.84) cm. Thirty-five (66%), 12 (22.6%), 4 (7.5%), and 2 (3.8%) patients had one, two, three, or four cysts, respectively. Nine (17%) patients were admitted in an emergency setting. The surgical approach was by laparotomy in 43 (81.1%) and by laparoscopy in 10 (18.9%) patients. Eleven (20.8%) patients developed postoperative complications: Class I – 3 (5.7%), Class II – 7 (13.3%), Class III – 1 (1.9%), Class IV – 1 (1.9%) patient according to Clavien-Dindo classification. Four (7.5%) patients developed long-term complications. 18 (34%) patients had more than one hospital admissions. Conclusions: Acute complications of the liver hydatid disease are associated with significant post-therapeutic morbidity, which correlates with the cyst's type according to Gharbi classification.

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