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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 205-209

Analysis of the disease spectra in patients seeking emergency medical treatment in Haikou, China


1 Hainan Medical University, 3 Xueyuan Rd, Longhua Qu, Haikou Shi, Hainan Sheng, 570000, China
2 Hainan Medical University, 3 Xueyuan Rd, Longhua Qu, Haikou Shi, Hainan Sheng; Emergency Department, The First Affiliated Hospital of Hainan Medical University, Haikou, Hainan, 570100, China

Correspondence Address:
Xiao-Ran Liu
Emergency Department, The First Affiliated Hospital of Hainan Medical University, 31 Longhua Road, Haikou, Hainan
China
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2221-6189.219613

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Objective: To explore the characteristics of medical emergency disease spectra in Emergency Department of Haikou, China; and to provide clinical data for emergent disease treatment as well as emergency department personnel and equipment management. Methods: A total of 11 870 patients (over 16 years old) who visited Emergency Departments of the First Affiliated Hospital of Hainan Medical University, Haikou city from January 1, 2015, through December 31, 2015 were selected. Data on patients' age, sex, diagnosis, treatment duration, and treatment month were analyzed with Microsoft Excel. Results: Peak treatment times were from 18:00 to 24:00. The top four diseases were involved with respiratory, digestive, nervous, and cardiovascular systems, respectively. Respiratory problems peaked from November to February and digestive problems peaked from February to August. Temperatures ranging from >22.5 °C to 26 °C and high humidity exacerbated respiratory and digestive system diseases. Conclusion: The frequency of specific diseases that require emergency room care are affected by the local climate of Hainan Province.


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